Tattoo sometimes a letter or a calligraphy, sometimes a figure or a picture Sometimes for being adorned, sometimes for aiming to emphasize something but perhaps the oldest way of self-expression of human kind
Proffessor Spindler has announced in 1991 that the Ice Man found in the mountains on the Austrian-Italian border, had tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) on his body. His time is assumed to be a period, most probably from 38 thousand B.C. to 10 thousand B.C. Resources tell us about tattoos in ancient times made of reed and leaf pigments, also denoting the tattoos were found on some of the Egyptian mummies remained from 2000 B.C. In those times, people believed that the tattoos were protecting them against bogeys, sicknesses, and witchcrafts, as well as tatto was a symbol of status at the same time. Symbols and motives implied messages infering the personalities. When those messages of traditional figures and symbols used in tattoos were analysed, it was noticed that it was a kind of calligraphy.
Tattoos of imaginary creatures, and ram figures formed by extremely neat drawings are seen on the bodies found in Hun cairns, which were inspired by a very decorative conception. Those religious-magical based tattoos are believed to be done by injecting a tint, which possibly derived by soot, into the skin. As in the tattoos on the body of a Hun leader found in the Pazyryk cairn, we know that noble heroes in Hun society might get tattoos and later this tradition was carried on by Kazakhs and Khirghiz by applying tattoos on the persons who were qualified as heroes.
It is seen on the bodies found in Tashtyk graves, and later in one of the Altyn Yysh graves that some parts of the bodies were adorned by tattoos depicting hunting scenes.
Ancient Thrace tribes respected tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) as a sign of nobility, whereas it was a seal of immorality for the ancient Greeks. Tattoos were used by ancient Romans for identifying the criminals, same as seen in England in 19th century. Introduced by the Algerian sailors, tattoing spreaded among the Ottoman sea men, which has been started to be fashioned by the Jenissaries as of 17th century in order to signify the company which they had belonged to, and continued until the Jenissary troops had been abolished.
From this point of view, tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) may be appraised as a hint of the beliefs and lives of the people of past cultures, therefore it is a subject which should be examined in hierographically, etnographically and anthropologically.
Just the same as myths, symbols represents the same properties in universal criterion; they form the link between the reality and imagination. No matter how the ethnic societies, languages, beliefs, living styles differ, the language of the symbols is common.
It is possible to see that the tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) is being made for similar reasons by using similiar geometrical figures almost all over the world. It differs only in application technique, from the variety of the material used, and the part of the body where the tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) is done.
According to the mythological sense, there is always a like, a match of each being in nature regardless of it is visible or not. Hence tales, legends and myths are full of mythological ciphers. The figures in the central Mesopotamian civilization, which has reached at metaphysics earlier, were mostly symbolical. Eye figure symbolizes abundance and fertility, or a protection against the evil eye; a star stands for happiness; a family tree is for life; and a bird figure symbolizes life and soul. Such figures in tattos as snake, bull, bird, eagle, cow, deer, helical two snakes, circle and rings, bangles, dods, triangles, octagons, square, halved quadrangles, circular dods inside geomatrical figures, all these in a way represent to sanctify the mother goddess, consequently the fertility of the mother as the source of life, abundance of offspring, the womb, insemination in the womb of mother, evolution phases of the fetus, and finally life and death. Sun and moon figures which are seen very often, stand for the source of life again, as well as the will of eternal living.
Even though the cross figure is known as the symbol of Christianity, in fact the history of this figure goes backwards far beyond. It was believed to stand a propitious destination with its colors, also to deprive of the effect of the evil eyes. A circle pierced by a reverse arrow head symbolizes the the fertility and abundance as an indication of impregnation.
Tattoo in Anatolia :
Traditional tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) has been fashioned by various societies on a very large geography. It was mostly seen in South-Eastern Anatolia. It was called as dek in this regions history. The male tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) masters were called as dekkak, whereas the females were called as dekkake; the man who had tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) was called as medkuk whereas the female was called as medkuke.
A nomadic tribe lived in South-Eastern Anatolia, Karachis took on tattoing as a proffession. They preferred to make it in their adult ages and at the beginning of spring as season.
Tattoo was common among the females. The main factor which discriminates the difference in the figures was the sexuality. Tattoo was markedly revealing the difference between the man and woman with its structure and way of making.
Tattoo as a habbit became common especially in Eastern and South-Eastern regions of Anatolia.
During the researchs in the Barak district of Gaziantep in 1991, tattoos were encountered on the hands, faces and bodies of the native men and women over the age of 40-45; these tattoos were called as dövün in the area. These dövüns could only seen as a spot on the right cheek of the young women aged around 18-20.
It is reported that dövün was being made to the ones who wanted to have, by small nomadic clans called gurbet in the district, who were making their livings by bartering sundries like trinkets, needles and pins with comestibles like eggs, barley, wheat, etc. until 15-20 years past, but not continuing any longer. Before the dövün applied, the figure which was designated by the client or gurbet, was drafted on the body by means of burnt match stick heads. The pigment compound, which was derived from the sheeps bile, or from the soot remained underneath of the cauldrons, was penetrated into the skin by digging of pins tightly sheafed as three or nine pcs. (these numbers are known with their mystical meanings) After the crusted wound healed, the figure appeared.
Dövün, is mostly prefered by the women to be applied on the chin, under chin, ankle, neck, breast, and on the hands; whereas the men prefer to have it on the nose, center of the forehead, on the hand, wrist, and on the arm.
Among the most common tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) figures for women, we can count comb and mirror figures seen on the hand or ankle; star usually done on the face, and ring figures on the ankle. Besides, baby gazelle figure starting from under chin, continuing on the neck and taking on a shape on the two breasts, which had been drawn attention on a few women aged around 60.
On men, most common figures are the names and expressions written in Arabic caligraphy, as well as such figures like lion, snake, moon, mostly applied on the temples and on the arms.
The general answer to the question why tattoing? is, for the purpose of garnishment, however some men and women aged over 60 say that they have it also for the belief of luck bringing, boosting the earnings, increasing the abundunce. Additionally there is another belief existing among the women who are not capable of getting pregnant, that they can overcome this problem by having a tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) on their waists. On the other hand, most of them say that they dont like tattoos, because they are regarded as odd and anachronistic in the urban environment, even by their own children or grandchildren. Some of them tried to remove the figures on their faces by the help of some acid materials but never succeeded.
During a reserach in a Turkmen village in Çankırı district in 1994, it has been captured the attention that all the women aged aroound 50-55 had a crescent and star figure only in the center of the forehead upon the nose, but definitely nothing on anywhere else on the body. The main particularity about these tattoos was, the pigment was made by mixing soot with the fresh milk of a young mother who has just given birth to a baby daughter. Tattooing tool was familiar three needles tied in and the local people told that it was a traditional way of trimming inherited by the ancestors.
Most common figures in districts like Urfa, Mardin and Diyarbakır, is also called dak, or dek, a figure stylizing five fingers, which is seen especially on the temples of the heads. This figure can also be seen in Gaziantep district. As S.V. Örnek stated, these figuresare very much resembling to the wooden symbols which are placed at the bed side of the graves in Kızılcahamam, called Yenge Mezarı (affinal aunt grave).
It is possible to find similiar figures having religious, or magical, or mythological, or social or sexual status, or tribal meanings almost in our all cultural beings such as grave stones, weavings, architecture, ornamantation techniques, etc., which you can easily match with the traditional tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) figures. The belief about such figures save the one from the sicknesses, evil eye and bring goodness and bravery to them is still continuing nowadays.
After the studies performed around Urfa, Mardin, Diyarbakır areas of Upper Mesopotamia region, it was ascertained that the tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) is made for such reasons as:
Protection against wicked effects, providing luck: Avoiding of getting harmed from evil forces, getting rid of the hex coming over them, escaping from bad luck; applying the figures of predadory animals, poisonous critters like snake, scorpion, in order to protect himself or family from getting harmed by such animals; tattooing the children in order to prevent children deaths which were supposed to be caused by evil forces; for the purpose of insemination, to provide the continuity of the descendance and having rich crop from their farming, and to achieve the good taste and blessing in their cookings.
Keeping the good health and healing the illness : It was believed that the tattoos done on the temples and asround the eyes were curing the head and eye aches. Those done on the arms, wrists and on-hands were deemed to be good for healing such illnesses as intestinal pain and sciatica.
Relation-nobility and tribal symbols : Each tribe has its own symbol. The figures and the part of the body where its done differ from tribe to tribe. No one can have the symbol of another tribe else than his own tribe. Otherwise that was a reason of war. Carrying a tribal tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) signifies the devotion to a tribe as well as it makes oneself feel more secure. Its also a mark of nobility. Furthermore, carrying a tribal tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) had practical daily advantages : The tribe of the one who was killed or wounded in a battle, or lost, or committed a crime, could have been easily identified by his tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul).
Whatever the figures, the part of the body they are applied, and the material it is made of are, obviously tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) culture has been taken as an effective magical means for mankind to run their biological lives.
The human has been in search of finding the meanings of natural events. When he couldnt have achieved that, he had embodied them in forms of images, icons and symbols, to turn them into touchable and understandable objects; he has been making use of the magic of these symbols since thousands of years in order to equalize himself with the natural powers, consequently to continue his entity by establishing a system of meaning and power which could have been explicable for himself in nature.
Tattoo, which has found a very large field of application today in the Western world, becoming more trendy style of body ornamentation day by day, especially amongst the youth of urban life.
The apetite of manhood for private way of expressing himself to himself which has been coming through the history, still remains as the primary reason of tattoing even today. Although it seems that the general aim is ornamentation, when the matter is examined social-psychologically, deep motive of tattooing wish can be various thoughts and desires such as to give a clear message about his/her personality, to impress others, to prove him/herself especially for the youngsters, to be recognized, to be different.
Before getting tattooed :
Keeping in mind that a tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) is something youll carry on your body for a life time, first of all you must think a lot about it before giving a decision. As it is mentioned in Anatolian tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) culture, it is recommended that tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) should be applied after teenage, otherwise it has a risk of deformation as the body is still in the growing process during the teen ages. Besides, considering that the personality is usually hesitant and feverish in those ages, one may feel regret later, therefore its more appropriate to wait for being an adult for having a tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul).
Tattoo application :
Tattoo can be defined as an operation in which a pigment material, that can not be removed totally by the structure, is penetrated on the surface underneath the skin via a certain technique. Underlaying is made by opening chinks or holes on the skin with the help of spiky devices, and the pigment material is allowed to penetrate into these chinks or holes with the help of devices like needles. Or like Eskimos do, the pigment is placed under the skin with the help of a thread smeared in soot, by inserting through the skin after the skin is pierced by the needle. Another technique is to place a compound consisting of gun powder or saltpetre into the chinks and ignite it. After those operations, especially after burning of the skin, there happens a dark blue burnt mark on the skin that can never be removed. In some regions a needle is heated on fire, then dipped into the bail water of a goat, and the skin is pricked by this needle to make a tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul).
The most used pigment material in tattooing is soot. Other common materials are the indigo, antimoniate, granulated and roasted bone powder, various saps, saffron and henna, animal bile, sesame oil, chinese ink, etc. Mother milk is reckoned as the basic additive. Depending on the material used, the marks on the skin may closer to red.
The season is also important for the one whos having a tatto as the client is required to bear a pain for a long time. Spring is supposed to be the best time to get a better tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul).
The tattooing time is dependent upon the shape, and the number of the needles. The larger the tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) gets, and the more the number of the needles increase, the operation duration prolongs. Little blood comes out from the points of needle strokes and the pigment penetrates under the skin. As a result of needle hits there happens an edema and flushes and a slight wound occurs right after the days following the operation. After the wound healed the tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) appears.
Tattoo maintenance :
The initial condition to have a better tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) is to have it done by a good master; second condition is yourself. Because the more you take care of your tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul), the better it shows itself. The first week after tattooing operation is important. First rule is to keep away from water for the first three days. Because it is your structures weakest time when most vulnerable against the risk of infection, after your skin is damaged by needles and some foreign materials (pigment) broke under your skin. Although it doesnt look like the wounds that you know, you must treat that part as if it is a real wound. Because no matter how little they are, needle strokes caused bleeding and edema, so the structure perceive it as a wound and tends to fix it with pus defence cells. Therefore this part has as high risk of being infected as a regular wound has, unless you protect it well. An infected tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) will not give you the outlook that you expect.
Contacting water may cause a dissection on the damaged zone and water may transport the potential harmful jerms into the zone. Thats why you are supposed to keep away from the water along the first three days. The best way to protection is to spread a thick layer of antibiotics pomade on to the tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) surface and cover it with a clean tourniquet slightly during these three five days. You must repeat this treatment three times a day. After first week, you must keep on spreading the pomade without covering for a certain time. Your wound is already getting healed. The healing period depends on the size of the tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) and your structure.
The restoration of the wound will be seen as crusting and then crust removing. The crust will be removed partially and spontaneously after each pomade spreading. Therefore you never try to remove the crust yourself by forcing and tearing off. During the uncrusting period, you may have a stretching and itching feeling depending on the tensile on the wounds crust.
Furthermore, you must pay attention not to let your wound contact sunlight during first month. Because the tattooed zone is still sensitive and darker than your original body color. Otherwise your tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) would be affected by the sunlight too much and the color of the tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) might go paler and your skin which has not healed totally yet might get harmed too.
After this one month, you are completely ready to show your tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) to your friends. But never forget that the maintenance must be permanent for a better tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul), just like your skin or your hair. As long as you protect your tattoo (dream tattoo dövme piercing bağdat caddesi kadıköy istanbul) against the sunlight and keep it humid enough, it will remain fresh like first time.
Tattoos are known around the world as: tatoeage, tatouage, tätowier, tatuaggio, tatuar, tatuaje, tatoos, tattueringar, tatuagens, tatoveringer, tattos, and tatu, and are more popular now than at any time in recorded history. Current estimates now have more than one in six, or well over 52 million people in North America alone, who have one or more tattoos.dövme